Dialogues about Security Challenges in the sahelo-saharan Region

  • Photo: Experts workshop on « Dialogues about Security Challenges in the sahelo-saharan Region » at Dakar, Senegal

What is the idea behind this project?

Drawing on the lessons learned from the recurrence of crises and the persistence of conflicts in the sub-region due to the inability of states to establish lasting stability and security, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has initiated a project entitled "Security Dialogues in the Sahel-Sahara region : Rethinking the Security in the sub-region" with a view to promoting national and sub- regional dialogue on cross-border issues and challenges as well as the interdependence between North Africa and West Africa.

Most of the countries in the Sahel-Sahara region are facing political, economic, social and environmental difficulties. This is due to the material weakness of the State and failing governance, the difficulty of controlling the national territory, the porosity of the borders and the increasing presence of gray areas. In addition, their economies are fragile, despite substantial natural resources, since they are subject to low levels of industrialization due to a combination of an almost total lack of foreign direct investment and difficult weather conditions.

Beyond the national peculiarities, the countries of the region are all preoccupied by the same challenges and threats. Regional actors must adopt new strategies in the North as well as in the South of the Sahara. Threats are cross-border and non-state actors are multiplying and benefiting from the fragility of border areas. The Sahel-Sahara region is on the verge of becoming a transit point for hybrid security threats. In Libya and Mali, for example, territories are occupied by extremist groups that set up and form recruitment unit. Similarly, the strengthening of cultural identities on the domestic front threatens to undermine feelings of national belonging, potentially culminating in internal conflicts.

The human security threats and challenges are interdependent and require a common approach through national, regional and international mechanisms to promote stabilization and development in the Sahel-Sahara region around the state.

The project aims to foster regional dialogue while bringing together countries from the Maghreb and the Sahel region mainly Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia.

What is the project approach?

The multi-annual project runs from 2015 to 2019 and is organized cyclically. The first cycle of the project which is currently in the closing phase consist of: 

  • Drafting country studies in order to gain comparative perspectives on the different countries and identify the major threats and challenges they have in common;
  • Validating each study through national validation workshops;
  • Organizing expert workshops, attended by the authors of the studies;
  • The holding of a sub-regional conference to present the results of the workshops of experts and country studies in a single synthesis report.

The second cycle will consider workshops, conferences and publications to disseminate policy recommendations and introduce them into the policy processes of the countries of the sub-region and their political partners (EU, AU, G5, ECOWAS, UMA).

Related Events and Publications

Events

  • Tuesday, 28.03.17 - Dakar, Senegal | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Event

    Presentation Consolidated report of country studies on Security challenges and issues in the Sahelo-Saharan Region

    On March 28, 2017, the Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa held the presentation of the consolidated report of the country...

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  • Monday, 07.11.16 to Tuesday, 08.11.16 - Dakar, Senegal | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Event

    Conference on Security Challenges and Issues in the Sahel-Sahara Region

    On November 07 and 08 2016, Dakar hosted at the Savana Hotel the Conference on Security Challenges and Issues in the Sahel-Sahara Region. This was the...

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  • Tuesday, 30.08.16 - N’Djamena, Chad | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Event

    Validation of the Chad Study

    The Centre for Studies and Training for Development (CEFOD) hosted the national workshop for the validation of the study on security issues and...

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Publications & Studies

  • | Publication

    Consolidated report of country studies

    Based on the lessons learned...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Algerian perspective

    2017, Dakar-Fann. The recent...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Chad perspective

    2017, Dakar-Fann. The recent...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Mali perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Libya perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Burkina Faso perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Tunisia perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

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  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Senegal perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

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  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Morocco perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

    more information

  • | Dialogues about Security Challenges in the Sahelo-Saharan Region | Publication

    Security challenges and issues in the sahelo-saharan region : The Mauritania perspective

    2016, Bamako. The recent...

    more information

Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Peace and Security Centre of Competence Sub-Saharan Africa

P.O. Box 15 416
Point E, boulevard de l’Est villa n°30
Dakar - Fann

+221 33 859 20 02

info(at)fes-pscc.org
www.fes-pscc.org

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